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Record: 1  10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 of 26261
Identification:

Preferred Structure Name:
Motor Roads - Pullouts, Parking Lots, Access Roads
Structure Number:
60115-001
Other Structure Name(s):
 
Other Structure Name(s)
No records.
Park:
Acadia National Park
Historic District:
 
Historic District
No records.
Structure State:
Maine
Structure County:
Hancock
Region:
Northeast
Cluster:
New England
Administrative Unit:
Acadia National Park
LCS ID:
751089
 
Historical Significance:

National Register Status:
Determined Eligible - SHPO
National Register Date:
09/18/2008
National Historic Landmark?:
No
Significance Level:
Contributing
Short Significance Description:
Part of Motor Road System that is nationally significant under Criterion A for conservation, recreation and transportation, Criterion B for association with John D. Rockefeller, Jr., and Criterion C for architecture & engineering.
Long Significance Description:
The ACAD Motor Road System is significant under Criterion A for illustrating the NPS system-wide goal of providing public access to national parks while conserving natural beauty, Criterion B as an example of John D. Rockefeller, Jr.’s interest in the construction and beautification of roads in the national parks and his collaboration with the NPS, and Criterion C as including excellent examples of the NPS Rustic Design style. The period of significance for the road system begins in 1922 when Superintendent George B. Dorr submitted a plan to the NPS for the park’s first motor road, and ends in 1958 when the final segment of the system was completed.

Construction of the ACAD Motor Road System was conceived to allow the construction of roads for automobiles in the park while preserving its natural beauty. The system began in 1922 when Superintendent Dorr submitted a plan to NPS Director Stephen Mather for a motor road that ran from Eagle Lake Road and along Eagle Lake and Jordan Pond. Rockefeller contributed much of the vistion, resources, and supervision necessary to accomplish the construction of the Motor Road System, his interest stemming from preventing automobile use of the carriage roads that he was constructing on the island. In 1927 the park developed a Master Plan in which all projects that would be characterized by the emerging NPS Rustic Design style, which created a rugged and frontier-like quality appropriate to a wilderness setting while allowing features to be customized with local materials to fit the setting.

The Motor Road System provided controlled parking areas for visitors: pullouts were parking areas directly alongside the road and were more common in more mountainous terrain due to limited space along the road corridor; parking lots were set back from the road, reached by access roads, and separated from the road by a raised median. The highest density of parking areas was along the popular Ocean Drive segments. Some parking lots were designed in multiple levels to take advantage of the views, such as Schoodic Point Road, or to fit local topographic conditions, like Sand Beach. Four access roads connect to local roads: Schooner Head Overlook Access Road, Sieur de Monts Entrance Road, West Street Extension, and Access to State Route 233.

Although not all the paved pullouts can be documented as present prior to 1958, most would have been developed at the time when the motor roads were built because their locations were dependent on cut and fill quanties.
Non-historic, unpaved pullouts have evolved since the 1970s, when park visitation numbers increased, most shorter in length than the paved pullouts and typically located just before or after paved pullouts or at locations of trails or views.
 
Construction Period:

Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year CE/BCE
End Year
End Year CE/BCE
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1927
CE
1958
CE


2. 
Altered
1958
CE
2000
CE
NPS
Other
 
Function and Use:

Primary Historic Function:
Automobile
Primary Current Use:
Automobile
Other Functions or Uses:
 
Other Function(s) or Use(s)
Historic or Current
No records.
 
Physical Description:

Structure Type:
Road
Material(s):
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)
1. 
Superstructure
Asphalt
2. 
Superstructure
Stone
Short Physical Description:
Four access roads, 47 paved or gravel pullouts and 15 paved parking lots, most paved with a hot ashpalt bituminous concrete surface. Some feature granite curbing, guardwalls, steps, and/or retaining walls (see descriptions in records of individual Motor Road segments)