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Record: 1  20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 of 26261
Identification:

Preferred Structure Name:
Motor Roads - Otter Cliffs Road
Structure Number:
60122
Other Structure Name(s):
 
Other Structure Name(s)
1. 
RT-105
Park:
Acadia National Park
Historic District:
 
Historic District
No records.
Structure State:
Maine
Structure County:
Hancock
Region:
Northeast
Cluster:
New England
Administrative Unit:
Acadia National Park
LCS ID:
750672
 
Historical Significance:

National Register Status:
Determined Eligible - SHPO
National Register Date:
09/18/2008
National Historic Landmark?:
No
Significance Level:
Contributing
Short Significance Description:
Part of Motor Road System that is nationally significant under Criterion A for conservation, recreation and transportation, Criterion B for association with John D. Rockefeller, Jr., and Criterion C for architecture & engineering.
Long Significance Description:
The ACAD Motor Road System is significant under Criterion A for illustrating the NPS system-wide goal of providing public access to national parks while conserving natural beauty, Criterion B as an example of John D. Rockefeller, Jr.’s interest in the construction and beautification of roads in the national parks and his collaboration with the NPS, and Criterion C as including excellent examples of the NPS Rustic Design style. The period of significance for the road system begins in 1922 when Superintendent George B. Dorr submitted a plan to the NPS for the park’s first motor road, and ends in 1958 when the final segment of the system was completed.

Construction of the ACAD Motor Road System was conceived to allow the construction of roads for automobiles in the park while preserving its natural beauty. The system began in 1922 when Superintendent Dorr submitted a plan to NPS Director Stephen Mather for a motor road that ran from Eagle Lake Road and along Eagle Lake and Jordan Pond. Rockefeller contributed much of the vistion, resources, and supervision necessary to accomplish the construction of the Motor Road System, his interest stemming from preventing automobile use of the carriage roads that he was constructing on the island. In 1927 the park developed a Master Plan in which all projects that would be characterized by the emerging NPS Rustic Design style, which created a rugged and frontier-like quality appropriate to a wilderness setting while allowing features to be customized with local materials to fit the setting.

Otter Cliffs Road was constructed between 1930 and 1936. As had been the case with Stanley Brook Road, the Olmsted firm had a major role in the design of this motor road, which resulted in similar Picturesque Style effects. At the summit of the cliffs Olmsted designed a grade separation feature where the two lanes of traffic were separated by a change in elevation and retaining walls. Incorporated into this was a lower third level accommodating the rebuilt Ocean Path; above and behind the grade separation was a parking area. Another pullout/parking area located at Otter Point provided a view toward Otter Cove. In 1955 the existing surface was overlayed with a modern bituminous concrete surface treatment, and some of the shoulders were reconditioned.
 
Construction Period:

Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year CE/BCE
End Year
End Year CE/BCE
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1930
CE
1936
CE
Olmsted Brothers
Landscape Architect
2. 
Altered
1955
CE


NPS
Other
 
Function and Use:

Primary Historic Function:
Vehicular Circulation
Primary Current Use:
Vehicular Circulation
Other Functions or Uses:
 
Other Function(s) or Use(s)
Historic or Current
No records.
 
Physical Description:

Structure Type:
Road
Material(s):
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)
1. 
Superstructure
Asphalt
2. 
Superstructure
Concrete
Short Physical Description:
24'-wide road with 18'-foot traveled way that travels from the S end of the reconstructed Ocean Drive and along shoreline of Otter Point. Two-foot shoulders on either side; hot-asphalt bituminous concrete surface; sections of rectilinear-shaped guardwall stones